Medicinal Plants and Animals in the Peruvian Amazon

This list is for reference purposes only. Some but not all are found at the Blue Morpho Center and surrounding jungle and rivers.

Medicinal Plants

This is a short list of the hundreds of plants that are used in the amazon basin for their medicinal properties:

Local NameEnglish NameScientific NameUses
AbutaVelvet leafCissampelos pareiraFever, diabetes, malaria, menstural cramps, ulcers, pain killer, dental pain killer etc.
AchioteLipstick treeBixa orellanaBody paint, liver disease, kidney disease, skin ailments, prostate cancer
Ai curo, IporuroIporuroAlchornea castaneifoliaRheumatism, cough, male fertility, colds
AjoGarlicAllium sativumFlu, colds, high blood pressure
Ajo SachaGarlic of the JungleMansoa alliaceaFlu, colds, body aches, fever, saladera (bad luck), hunting, and fishing
Ajos kiro, Ajos caspiLaurel or Clammy CherryCordia alliodoraShaman medicine for protection and strength
AlbahacaBasilOcimum basilicumColds, coughs, body aches, food spice
AmargoBitter woodQuassia amaraAntimalaria, antiparasitic, fever, cancer
AmasisaSwamp immortelliErythrina poeppigianaSkin infection, fever, cold
Ayahuasca, YageVine of the SoulBanisteriopsis caapiVisionary medicine used with a shaman, physical, spiritual, emotional illnesses
AyahumaCannonball treeCouroupita guianensisShaman medicine of protection, saladera (bad luck), medicinal baths
Bala HuayoYellow mombinSpondias mombinEmetic, hemorrhoids, stomach, eye/throat inflammation
Bellaco Caspi Plumeria tarapotensisRheumatism
Bombinsana Calliandra angustifoliaShamanic strength, protection, rheumatism, uterine cancer
Camu-camuRumberryMyrciaria dubiaColds, flu, vitamin C, potassium
Cana bravaGiant reedArundo donaxArthritis, hair loss, joint pain
CapinuriCapinuriMacruira coriaceaeSprains, cuts, magic
Capirona, MulaterioCanary woodCalycophyllum spruceanumAnti-bacterial, diabetes, antioxidant, antifungal stomach, shamanism
CastanaBrazil NutBertholletia excelsaFood source, oil
CatahuaPossumwood, sandbox tree, dynamite treeHura crepitansPurgative, diuretic, shamanism, fish toxin
Chacruna, Batsikawa, PishikawaChakrunaPsychotria viridisVisionary admixture of Ayahuasca
Chanca piedraStone breakerphyllanthus niruriKidney stones and gall stones, anti spasmodic, diuretic
Chiricsanango, ShiricsanangoFever treeBrunfelsia grandifloraVisionary, colds, chills, nervous system, arthritis, kidney disease, lung disease, rheumatism
Chontaquiro Aspidosperma capitatumShamanim
ChuchuhuasiChuchuhuasiMaytenus macrocarpaAnti-diarrheic, anti-tumor, anti-arthritic, menstruation, stomach pain
Chullachaqui CaspiChullachaqui TreeTovomita sp.Shamanism, energetic body ailments
Clavo HuascaClove vineTynanthus panurensisAphrodisiac, tooth ache, rheumatism
CocaCocaine BushErythroxylum cocaHungar, thirst, altitude sickness, mild stimulant
Copaiba Copaifera officinalis, pauperaLung disorders, skin disorders, fungus, scars, STD's
CumalaVirolaVirola sp.Visionary, shamanism
CumasebaCumaseba anti-arthritic, shamanism, aphrodisiac
Curare Chondrodendron tomentosumAnimal poison, brusies, edema, kidney stones
EscobillaSweet broomScoparia dulcisSkin, toothache, bronchitis, STD's, diabetes
Guatillo, Borrachera Lochroma fuchsioidesShamanism
GuayusaBartling holly family, mateIlex guayusaStimulant
HeliconiaHeliconia,Lobster clawHeliconia sp.Ornamental
HuacapuManwoodMinquartia guianensisShamanism, aphrodisiac, construction
HuacapuranaHuacapuranaCampsiandra spShamanism, aphrodisiac, construction
Huairacaspi, TornilloTornilloCedrelinga catenaeformisGastro intestinal ailments
Icoja Unonopsis Floribunda DielsArthritis, lung disorders, diarrhea, malaria, rheumatism
IpomoeaMorninggloryIpomoea purpureaDiuretic, laxative, visionary
Ishpingo, Roble americanoIshpingoAmburana cearensisAsthma, internal bruising
Jergon sacha Dracontium loretenseSnake bite prevention, Anti-viral, Anti-bacterial
LupunaWhite floss silkChorisia speciosaShamanism
MacaPepperweedLepidium meyeniiStimulant
Micura, MucuraGully rootPetiveria alliaceaImmune system booster, pain, memory enhancer, abortive
Murure Pistia stratiotesShamanism, arthritis
OjeFig treeFicus insipidaPurgative, anti-parasite
Palo SantoSaint wood, Sacred woodBurserea graveolensBurned as inscence to purify the body
PatiquinaDumbcaneDiffenbachia albaMedicinal baths, saladera (bad luck), witchcraft
Pinon  Oral sores, medicinal baths, saladera (bad luck), witchcraft
Pinon colorado  Shamanism, tooth ache,
PiripiriUmbrella flat sedgeCyperus articulatusDysentery, aphrodisiac, stomach ache, contraception
Puca Lupuna  Shamanism
Quinilla BlancaPowder puffCalliandra angustifoliaShamanism
Remo Caspi Pithecellobium laetumShamanism
RenacoStrangler figFicus spFemale reproductive health, shamanism
SanangoHibiscusTabernaemontana sppVisionary, colds, chills, nervous system, arthritis, kidney disease, lung disease, rheumatism
Sangre de GradoDragon's bloodCroton lechleriCuts, anti-diarrhea, vaginal baths, skin, cancer
Suelda con Suelda Phthirusa aduncaFractures, dislocations, cuts
Tabaco, MapachoTobaccoNicotiana tabacumShaman protection, visionary, purgative, to remove skin worms
Tahuari Tabebuia serratifoliaDiabetes, cold, cough, flu, fever
Tamshi Heteropsis jenmaniiRope or string
Tangarana Triplaris surinamensisSkin
ToeDatura, Angel's TrumpetBrugmansia suaveolensShamanism
Toe NegroDatura, Angel's Trumpet Shamanism
Uchu-SanangoBlue Star AmsoniaTabernaemontana spVisionary, colds, chills, nervous system, arthritis, kidney disease, lung disease, rheumatism
Una de GatoCat's ClawUncaria tomentosaCancer, HIV/AIDS, cough, colds, flu, fever, ulcers, tumors
Uvilla Puorouma cecropiaefoliaFemale reproductive system
Verbena Verbena littoralisemetic, febrifuge, vermifuge
Wira-wira Gnaphalium vira-viraAntibiotic, asthma, sterorid


Animals of the Peruvian Amazon

Fish

These are just some of the fish that are in the nearby rivers:

Common English NameScientific NameCommon Spanish Name
TambaquiColossoma macropomumgamitana
TilapiaProchilodus nigricansboquichico
Pirapu tangaBrycon spsábalo
Small mouth bassPlagioscion auratuscorvina
Peackock BassCichla acellaristucunaré
Tiger catfishPseudoplatystoma fasciumdoncella
DoradoBrachyplatystoma filamentosumdorado
Sting rayPotamotrygon histrixraya
Giant catfishPseudoplatistoma tigriinumZungaro
Piranha (black)Serrasalmus spilopleurapiraña negra
Piranha (red)Serrasalmus nattereripiraña roja
Piranha (white)Serrasalmus rhombeuspiraña blanca
Silver dollarsMylossoma duriventrispalometas
CarpTriportheus angulatussardina
Red bellied pacuPiaractus brachypomunpaco
LisaSchyzodon fasciatusLisa
Electric EelElectrophorus multivalvulusAnguila Electrica
ArapaimaArapaima gigasPaiche

Dolphins

Pink River DolphinInia geoffrensisBufeo Colorado
Grey River DolphinSotalia fluviatilisBufeo Negro

Birds

There are over 800 species of birds in the Amazon. Here we have listed but a few that are possible to observe during a tour:

SungrebeHeliornis fulicaPato pompom
Muscovy duckCairina moschataSacha pato
Canary winged parakeetBrotogeris versicolorusAla blanca
Wattled jacanaTuqui tuquiJacana jacana
Large billed ternPhaetusa simplesTibe
Scarlet macawAra macawGuacamayo rojo
Blue and yellow macawAra araraunaGuacamayo azul y amarillo
Blue gray tanagerTharaupis episcopusSui sui
Russet-backed oropendolaPsarocolius angustifronsPáucar
Yellow-hooded blackbirdAgelaius icterocephalusArrocerillo
Yellow rumped caciqueCacides celaPauscarsillo
Brown-chested martinPhaeoprogne taperaGlondrina
White winged swallowTachycineta albiventerGlondrina
Lesser kitskadeePitangus lictorVictor Días
Great kiskadeePitangus sulphuratusVictor Días
WoodpeckerCamphylorhemphus pusillusEscaladores
Strong billed woodpeckerXiphocolaptes promeropinhynelusEscaladores
Chestnut woodpeckerCeleus elegansPájaro carpintero
Amazon King FisherChloroceryle amazonaMartín Pescador
Ringed king fisherCeryle torquataCatalán
Black nunbirdMonasa nigrifronsTibicuro
Mealy parrotAmazona farinoseLoro
AnhingaAnhinga anhingaSharara
Olivaceus cormorantPhalacroconax olivaceusCushuri
PauraqueNyctidromus albicolisTuhuayo
Great potooNyctibius grandisAyaymama
Yellow headed caracaraMilvago chimachimaShihuango
Turkey vultureCathartes auraRinaui
Black vultureComagyps atratusGallinazo
Black-collared hawkBusarellus nigricollisMama vieja
Horned screamerAnhima cornutaCamungo
HoatzinOpisthocomus oatzinShansho
Smooth billed aniCrotophaga majorLocrero
Boat-billed heronCochlearius cochleariusHuapapa
PartridgeCypturellus undulatesPanguana
HummingbirdGalbula deaPicaflor
OspreyPandion haliaetusGavilan pescador
Snail kiteRostramus sociabilisGavilan churero
Plumbeous kiteIctinia plumbeaGavilan cenizo
White necked heronArdea cocoiGarza ceniza
Great egreetCasmerodius albusGarza blanca grande
ToucanPterglossus aracariPinshilla
Common black hawkButeogallus anthracinusGavilán cangrejero
Great black hawkButeogallus urubitingaÁguila negra
Green and rufous kingfisherCholroceryle indaMartín pescador verde
Little tinamouCrypturellus SauiTinamou pequeño
Red and green macawAra chloropteraGuacamayo rojo y verde
Red bellied macawAra manilataGuacamaya bandera
Red capped cardinalParoaria gularisCardenal de frente rojo
Roadside hawkButeo magnirostrisGavilán chapulinero
Purple MartinProgne subis purpleMartín azul
Bat falconFalco rufigularisHalcon negro chico
AnhingaAnhinga anhingaPato aguja
Blue head parrotPionus menstruusLoro de cabeza azul
Cuvier’s toucanRanphastus cuvierTucan
Gray tinamouTinamus taoPerdiz azul
Green ibisMesembinitis cayenensisIbis verde
Orange cheeked parrotPionopsitta barrabandiLorito de mejillas amarillas
Orinoco gooseNeochen jubataPato carretero
Painted parakeetPyrrhula pictaCamachuelo
Snowy egretEgreta thulaGarza blanca chica
Tropical kingbirdTyrannus melancholicusSuiriri real

Reptiles

IguanaIguana iguanaIguana iguana
Black caimanMelanosuchus nigerLagarto negro
White caimanCaimán crocodilusLagarto blanco

Turtles

Yellow-spotted Amazon River turtlePodocnemis unifilisTaricaya
Mata mataChelus fimbriatusMata mata
Jungle TortoiseGeochelone denticulateMotelo
Arrau turtlePodocnemis expansaCharapa
Six-tubercled river turtlePodocnemis sextuberculataCupiso
Mud turtleKinosternon scorpioidesAshna charapa

Poisonous Snakes

Red tree viperChironius scurrulusAguaje machacuy
Common lance-head viperBothrops atroxJergon
CoralCoral Micrurus sppNaca-naca
Fer-de-lanceBothrops sppCascabel
Whip snakeSpilotes pullatusIguana machacuy
Green tree viperBothrops bilineatusLoro machacuy
Giant Amazon viperLachesis mutaShushupe

Non-poisonous Snakes

There are more than 60 species. The following genus's are the most common:

Chironius sp.; Pseustes sp.; Leimadophis sp.; Liophis sp.; Atractus sp.; Oxybelis sp.

Corallus canius boa verde or boa arboricola

Terrestrial boaBoa constrictorMantona
AnacondaEunectes murinusYacumama, anaconda, or boa negra


Mammals

Monkeys and Tamarins

Black-mantled tamarinSaguinus nigricollisPichico
Saddle back tamarinsSaguinus fuscicollisPichico boca blanca
Black-chested moustached tamarinSaguinus mystaxPichico barba blanca
Cotton-top tamarinSaguinus imperatorLeoncillo
Goeldi’s monkeyCallimico goeldiiPichico negro
Pigmy marmosetCebuella pygmaeaLeoncito
White-fronted capuchin monkeyCebus albifrensMono blanco
Brown capuchin monkeyCebus apellaMono negro
Common squirrel monkeySaimiri sciureus sciureusBoliviensis fraile
White-bellied spider monkeyAteles belzebuth belzebuthMaquisapa pecho amarillo
Black spider monkeyAteles paniscus chamekMono araña
Yellow-tailed wooly monkeyLagothrix flavicansChoro de cola amarilla
Wooly monkeyLagothrix lagothrichaChoro
Mon SakiCacajao calvus rubicundusHuapo colorado
Mon SakiPithecia hirsuteHuapo negro
Red howler monkeyAlouatta seniculusCoto
Black titi monkeyCallicebus torquatusTocón negro
Dusky titi monkeyCallicebus moloch molochTocón colorado
Night monkeysAotus spp.Musmuqui

Cats

OcelotFelis paradalisTigrillo
PumaFelis concolorPuma
JaguarFelis yagouaroundiYanapuma
Jaguar/OtorongoFelis oncaOtorongo

Other Mammals

Grey brocket deerMazama gouazoubiraVenado cenizo
White-tailed deerOdocoileus virginiausVenado gris
Red brocket deerMazama americanaVenado colorado
Collard peccaryTayassu tajacuSajino
Collared anteaterTamandua tetradáetilaOso hormiguero
Amazon weaselMustela africanaComadreja
AnteaterMyrmecophaga tridactylaOso hormiguero
Southern river otterLutra longicaudaNutria
Giant river otterPteronura brasiliensisLobo de río
White lipped peccaryTayassu pecariHuangana
Lowland tapirTapirus terrestrisTapir o sachavaca
CapibaraHydrochoerus hydrochaerisRonsoco
AgutiAgouti pacaMajaz
Tree squirrelSciurus spp.Ardillas
Brown agoutiDasyprocta variegataAñuje
South American coatiNasua nasuaAchuni
Giant ArmadilloPriodontes maximusCarachupa mama
ArmadilloDasypus novencinctusCarachupa
Three-toed slothDradypus variegatesPerezoso
TayraEira barbaraTayra
Striped spear-nosed batMimon crenulatumMurciélago
Greater bulldog or fishing batNoctilio leporinusMurciélago pescador
Long-nosed batRhynchonycteris nasoMurciélago
Large fruit-eating batArtibeus jamaicensisMurciélago
Short-tailed fruit batCarollia perspicillataMurciélago
Common long-tongued batGlossophaga soricinaMurciélago
Red-tailed squirrelSciurus granatensisArdilla
Yellow-crowned brush tailed ratIsothrix bistriataRatón
Amazon bamboo ratDactylomys dactylinus 
Dark tree ratEchimys semivillosus 
Giant tree ratEchimys grandis