Medicinal Plants & Animals

This list is for reference purposes only. Some but not all are found at the Blue Morpho Center and surrounding jungle and rivers.

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Medicinal Plants

This is a short list of the hundreds of plants that are used in the amazon basin for their medicinal properties:

Local Name English Name Scientific Name Uses
Abuta Velvet leaf Cissampelos pareira Fever, diabetes, malaria, menstural cramps, ulcers, pain killer, dental pain killer etc.
Achiote Lipstick tree Bixa orellana Body paint, liver disease, kidney disease, skin ailments, prostate cancer
Ai curo, Iporuro Iporuro Alchornea castaneifolia Rheumatism, cough, male fertility, colds
Ajo Garlic Allium sativum Flu, colds, high blood pressure
Ajo Sacha Garlic of the Jungle Mansoa alliacea Flu, colds, body aches, fever, saladera (bad luck), hunting, and fishing
Ajos kiro, Ajos caspi Laurel or Clammy Cherry Cordia alliodora Shaman medicine for protection and strength
Albahaca Basil Ocimum basilicum Colds, coughs, body aches, food spice
Amargo Bitter wood Quassia amara Antimalaria, antiparasitic, fever, cancer
Amasisa Swamp immortelli Erythrina poeppigiana Skin infection, fever, cold
Ayahuasca, Yage Vine of the Soul Banisteriopsis caapi Visionary medicine used with a shaman, physical, spiritual, emotional illnesses
Ayahuma Cannonball tree Couroupita guianensis Shaman medicine of protection, saladera (bad luck), medicinal baths
Bala Huayo Yellow mombin Spondias mombin Emetic, hemorrhoids, stomach, eye/throat inflammation
Bellaco Caspi Plumeria tarapotensis Rheumatism
Bombinsana Calliandra angustifolia Shamanic strength, protection, rheumatism, uterine cancer
Camu-camu Rumberry Myrciaria dubia Colds, flu, vitamin C, potassium
Cana brava Giant reed Arundo donax Arthritis, hair loss, joint pain
Capinuri Capinuri Macruira coriaceae Sprains, cuts, magic
Capirona, Mulaterio Canary wood Calycophyllum spruceanum Anti-bacterial, diabetes, antioxidant, antifungal stomach, shamanism
Castana Brazil Nut Bertholletia excelsa Food source, oil
Catahua Possumwood, sandbox tree, dynamite tree Hura crepitans Purgative, diuretic, shamanism, fish toxin
Chacruna, Batsikawa, Pishikawa Chakruna Psychotria viridis Visionary admixture of Ayahuasca
Chanca piedra Stone breaker phyllanthus niruri Kidney stones and gall stones, anti spasmodic, diuretic
Chiricsanango, Shiricsanango Fever tree Brunfelsia grandiflora Visionary, colds, chills, nervous system, arthritis, kidney disease, lung disease, rheumatism
Chontaquiro Aspidosperma capitatum Shamanim
Chuchuhuasi Chuchuhuasi Maytenus macrocarpa Anti-diarrheic, anti-tumor, anti-arthritic, menstruation, stomach pain
Chullachaqui Caspi Chullachaqui Tree Tovomita sp. Shamanism, energetic body ailments
Clavo Huasca Clove vine Tynanthus panurensis Aphrodisiac, tooth ache, rheumatism
Coca Cocaine Bush Erythroxylum coca Hunger, thirst, altitude sickness, mild stimulant
Copaiba Copaifera officinalis, paupera Lung disorders, skin disorders, fungus, scars, STD’s
Cumala Virola Virola sp. Visionary, shamanism
Cumaseba Cumaseba anti-arthritic, shamanism, aphrodisiac
Curare Chondrodendron tomentosum Animal poison, brusies, edema, kidney stones
Escobilla Sweet broom Scoparia dulcis Skin, toothache, bronchitis, STD’s, diabetes
Guatillo, Borrachera Lochroma fuchsioides Shamanism
Guayusa Bartling holly family, mate Ilex guayusa Stimulant
Heliconia Heliconia,Lobster claw Heliconia sp. Ornamental
Huacapu Manwood Minquartia guianensis Shamanism, aphrodisiac, construction
Huacapurana Huacapurana Campsiandra sp Shamanism, aphrodisiac, construction
Huairacaspi, Tornillo Tornillo Cedrelinga catenaeformis Gastro intestinal ailments
Icoja Unonopsis Floribunda Diels Arthritis, lung disorders, diarrhea, malaria, rheumatism
Ipomoea Morningglory Ipomoea purpurea Diuretic, laxative, visionary
Ishpingo, Roble americano Ishpingo Amburana cearensis Asthma, internal bruising
Jergon sacha Dracontium loretense Snake bite prevention, Anti-viral, Anti-bacterial
Lupuna White floss silk Chorisia speciosa Shamanism
Maca Pepperweed Lepidium meyenii Stimulant
Micura, Mucura Gully root Petiveria alliacea Immune system booster, pain, memory enhancer, abortive
Murure Pistia stratiotes Shamanism, arthritis
Oje Fig tree Ficus insipida Purgative, anti-parasite
Palo Santo Saint wood, Sacred wood Burserea graveolens Burned as inscence to purify the body
Patiquina Dumbcane Diffenbachia alba Medicinal baths, saladera (bad luck), witchcraft
Pinon Oral sores, medicinal baths, saladera (bad luck), witchcraft
Pinon colorado Shamanism, tooth ache,
Piripiri Umbrella flat sedge Cyperus articulatus Dysentery, aphrodisiac, stomach ache, contraception
Puca Lupuna Shamanism
Quinilla Blanca Powder puff Calliandra angustifolia Shamanism
Remo Caspi Pithecellobium laetum Shamanism
Renaco Strangler fig Ficus sp Female reproductive health, shamanism
Sanango Hibiscus Tabernaemontana spp Visionary, colds, chills, nervous system, arthritis, kidney disease, lung disease, rheumatism
Sangre de Grado Dragon’s blood Croton lechleri Cuts, anti-diarrhea, vaginal baths, skin, cancer
Suelda con Suelda Phthirusa adunca Fractures, dislocations, cuts
Tabaco, Mapacho Tobacco Nicotiana tabacum Shaman protection, visionary, purgative, to remove skin worms
Tahuari Tabebuia serratifolia Diabetes, cold, cough, flu, fever
Tamshi Heteropsis jenmanii Rope or string
Tangarana Triplaris surinamensis Skin
Toe Datura, Angel’s Trumpet Brugmansia suaveolens Shamanism
Toe Negro Datura, Angel’s Trumpet Shamanism
Uchu-Sanango Blue Star Amsonia Tabernaemontana sp Visionary, colds, chills, nervous system, arthritis, kidney disease, lung disease, rheumatism
Una de Gato Cat’s Claw Uncaria tomentosa Cancer, HIV/AIDS, cough, colds, flu, fever, ulcers, tumors
Uvilla Puorouma cecropiaefolia Female reproductive system
Verbena Verbena littoralis emetic, febrifuge, vermifuge
Wira-wira Gnaphalium vira-vira Antibiotic, asthma, sterorid

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Animals of the Peruvian Amazon

Fish

These are just some of the fish that are in the nearby rivers:

Common English Name Scientific Name Common Spanish Name
Tambaqui Colossoma macropomum gamitana
Tilapia Prochilodus nigricans boquichico
Pirapu tanga Brycon sp sábalo
Small mouth bass Plagioscion auratus corvina
Peackock Bass Cichla acellaris tucunaré
Tiger catfish Pseudoplatystoma fascium doncella
Dorado Brachyplatystoma filamentosum dorado
Sting ray Potamotrygon histrix raya
Giant catfish Pseudoplatistoma tigriinum Zungaro
Piranha (black) Serrasalmus spilopleura piraña negra
Piranha (red) Serrasalmus nattereri piraña roja
Piranha (white) Serrasalmus rhombeus piraña blanca
Silver dollars Mylossoma duriventris palometas
Carp Triportheus angulatus sardina
Red bellied pacu Piaractus brachypomun paco
Lisa Schyzodon fasciatus Lisa
Electric Eel Electrophorus multivalvulus Anguila Electrica
Arapaima Arapaima gigas Paiche

Dolphins

Pink River Dolphin Inia geoffrensis Bufeo Colorado
Grey River Dolphin Sotalia fluviatilis Bufeo Negro

Birds

There are over 800 species of birds in the Amazon. Here we have listed but a few that are possible to observe during a tour:

Sungrebe Heliornis fulica Pato pompom
Muscovy duck Cairina moschata Sacha pato
Canary winged parakeet Brotogeris versicolorus Ala blanca
Wattled jacana Tuqui tuqui Jacana jacana
Large billed tern Phaetusa simples Tibe
Scarlet macaw Ara macaw Guacamayo rojo
Blue and yellow macaw Ara ararauna Guacamayo azul y amarillo
Blue gray tanager Tharaupis episcopus Sui sui
Russet-backed oropendola Psarocolius angustifrons Páucar
Yellow-hooded blackbird Agelaius icterocephalus Arrocerillo
Yellow rumped cacique Cacides cela Pauscarsillo
Brown-chested martin Phaeoprogne tapera Glondrina
White winged swallow Tachycineta albiventer Glondrina
Lesser kitskadee Pitangus lictor Victor Días
Great kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus Victor Días
Woodpecker Camphylorhemphus pusillus Escaladores
Strong billed woodpecker Xiphocolaptes promeropinhynelus Escaladores
Chestnut woodpecker Celeus elegans Pájaro carpintero
Amazon King Fisher Chloroceryle amazona Martín Pescador
Ringed king fisher Ceryle torquata Catalán
Black nunbird Monasa nigrifrons Tibicuro
Mealy parrot Amazona farinose Loro
Anhinga Anhinga anhinga Sharara
Olivaceus cormorant Phalacroconax olivaceus Cushuri
Pauraque Nyctidromus albicolis Tuhuayo
Great potoo Nyctibius grandis Ayaymama
Yellow headed caracara Milvago chimachima Shihuango
Turkey vulture Cathartes aura Rinaui
Black vulture Comagyps atratus Gallinazo
Black-collared hawk Busarellus nigricollis Mama vieja
Horned screamer Anhima cornuta Camungo
Hoatzin Opisthocomus oatzin Shansho
Smooth billed ani Crotophaga major Locrero
Boat-billed heron Cochlearius cochlearius Huapapa
Partridge Cypturellus undulates Panguana
Hummingbird Galbula dea Picaflor
Osprey Pandion haliaetus Gavilan pescador
Snail kite Rostramus sociabilis Gavilan churero
Plumbeous kite Ictinia plumbea Gavilan cenizo
White necked heron Ardea cocoi Garza ceniza
Great egreet Casmerodius albus Garza blanca grande
Toucan Pterglossus aracari Pinshilla
Common black hawk Buteogallus anthracinus Gavilán cangrejero
Great black hawk Buteogallus urubitinga Águila negra
Green and rufous kingfisher Cholroceryle inda Martín pescador verde
Little tinamou Crypturellus Saui Tinamou pequeño
Red and green macaw Ara chloroptera Guacamayo rojo y verde
Red bellied macaw Ara manilata Guacamaya bandera
Red capped cardinal Paroaria gularis Cardenal de frente rojo
Roadside hawk Buteo magnirostris Gavilán chapulinero
Purple Martin Progne subis purple Martín azul
Bat falcon Falco rufigularis Halcon negro chico
Anhinga Anhinga anhinga Pato aguja
Blue head parrot Pionus menstruus Loro de cabeza azul
Cuvier’s toucan Ranphastus cuvier Tucan
Gray tinamou Tinamus tao Perdiz azul
Green ibis Mesembinitis cayenensis Ibis verde
Orange cheeked parrot Pionopsitta barrabandi Lorito de mejillas amarillas
Orinoco goose Neochen jubata Pato carretero
Painted parakeet Pyrrhula picta Camachuelo
Snowy egret Egreta thula Garza blanca chica
Tropical kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus Suiriri real

Reptiles

Iguana Iguana iguana Iguana iguana
Black caiman Melanosuchus niger Lagarto negro
White caiman Caimán crocodilus Lagarto blanco

Turtles

Yellow-spotted Amazon River turtle Podocnemis unifilis Taricaya
Mata mata Chelus fimbriatus Mata mata
Jungle Tortoise Geochelone denticulate Motelo
Arrau turtle Podocnemis expansa Charapa
Six-tubercled river turtle Podocnemis sextuberculata Cupiso
Mud turtle Kinosternon scorpioides Ashna charapa

Poisonous Snakes

Red tree viper Chironius scurrulus Aguaje machacuy
Common lance-head viper Bothrops atrox Jergon
Coral Coral Micrurus spp Naca-naca
Fer-de-lance Bothrops spp Cascabel
Whip snake Spilotes pullatus Iguana machacuy
Green tree viper Bothrops bilineatus Loro machacuy
Giant Amazon viper Lachesis muta Shushupe

Non-poisonous Snakes

There are more than 60 species. The following genus’s are the most common:

Chironius sp.; Pseustes sp.; Leimadophis sp.; Liophis sp.; Atractus sp.; Oxybelis sp.

Corallus canius boa verde or boa arboricola

Terrestrial boa Boa constrictor Mantona
Anaconda Eunectes murinus Yacumama, anaconda, or boa negra

Mammals:

Monkeys and Tamarins

Black-mantled tamarin Saguinus nigricollis Pichico
Saddle back tamarins Saguinus fuscicollis Pichico boca blanca
Black-chested moustached tamarin Saguinus mystax Pichico barba blanca
Cotton-top tamarin Saguinus imperator Leoncillo
Goeldi’s monkey Callimico goeldii Pichico negro
Pigmy marmoset Cebuella pygmaea Leoncito
White-fronted capuchin monkey Cebus albifrens Mono blanco
Brown capuchin monkey Cebus apella Mono negro
Common squirrel monkey Saimiri sciureus sciureus Boliviensis fraile
White-bellied spider monkey Ateles belzebuth belzebuth Maquisapa pecho amarillo
Black spider monkey Ateles paniscus chamek Mono araña
Yellow-tailed wooly monkey Lagothrix flavicans Choro de cola amarilla
Wooly monkey Lagothrix lagothricha Choro
Mon Saki Cacajao calvus rubicundus Huapo colorado
Mon Saki Pithecia hirsute Huapo negro
Red howler monkey Alouatta seniculus Coto
Black titi monkey Callicebus torquatus Tocón negro
Dusky titi monkey Callicebus moloch moloch Tocón colorado
Night monkeys Aotus spp. Musmuqui

Cats

Ocelot Felis paradalis Tigrillo
Puma Felis concolor Puma
Jaguar Felis yagouaroundi Yanapuma
Jaguar/Otorongo Felis onca Otorongo

Other Mammals

Grey brocket deer Mazama gouazoubira Venado cenizo
White-tailed deer Odocoileus virginiaus Venado gris
Red brocket deer Mazama americana Venado colorado
Collard peccary Tayassu tajacu Sajino
Collared anteater Tamandua tetradáetila Oso hormiguero
Amazon weasel Mustela africana Comadreja
Anteater Myrmecophaga tridactyla Oso hormiguero
Southern river otter Lutra longicauda Nutria
Giant river otter Pteronura brasiliensis Lobo de río
White lipped peccary Tayassu pecari Huangana
Lowland tapir Tapirus terrestris Tapir o sachavaca
Capibara Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris Ronsoco
Aguti Agouti paca Majaz
Tree squirrel Sciurus spp. Ardillas
Brown agouti Dasyprocta variegata Añuje
South American coati Nasua nasua Achuni
Giant Armadillo Priodontes maximus Carachupa mama
Armadillo Dasypus novencinctus Carachupa
Three-toed sloth Dradypus variegates Perezoso
Tayra Eira barbara Tayra
Striped spear-nosed bat Mimon crenulatum Murciélago
Greater bulldog or fishing bat Noctilio leporinus Murciélago pescador
Long-nosed bat Rhynchonycteris naso Murciélago
Large fruit-eating bat Artibeus jamaicensis Murciélago
Short-tailed fruit bat Carollia perspicillata Murciélago
Common long-tongued bat Glossophaga soricina Murciélago
Red-tailed squirrel Sciurus granatensis Ardilla
Yellow-crowned brush tailed rat Isothrix bistriata Ratón
Amazon bamboo rat Dactylomys dactylinus
Dark tree rat Echimys semivillosus
Giant tree rat Echimys grandis