Medicinal Plants & Animals2019-05-15T18:34:33-05:00

Medicinal Plants & Animals

From the surrounding jungle and rivers.

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Medicinal Plants

This is a short list of the hundreds of plants that are used in the amazon basin for their medicinal properties:
Local Name
English Name
Scientific Name
Uses
Abuta
Velvet leaf
Cissampelos pareira
Fever, diabetes, malaria, menstural cramps, ulcers, pain killer, dental pain killer etc.
Achiote
Lipstick tree
Bixa orellana
Body paint, liver disease, kidney disease, skin ailments, prostate cancer
Ai curo, Iporuro
Iporuro
Alchornea castaneifolia
Rheumatism, cough, male fertility, colds
Ajo
Garlic
Allium sativum
Flu, colds, high blood pressure
Ajo Sacha
Garlic of the Jungle
Mansoa alliacea
Flu, colds, body aches, fever, saladera (bad luck), hunting, and fishing
Ajos kiro, Ajos caspi
Laurel or Clammy Cherry
Cordia alliodora
Shaman medicine for protection and strength
Albahaca
Basil
Ocimum basilicum
Colds, coughs, body aches, food spice
Amargo
Bitter wood
Quassia amara
Antimalaria, antiparasitic, fever, cancer
Amasisa
Swamp immortelli
Erythrina poeppigiana
Skin infection, fever, cold
Ayahuasca, Yage
Vine of the Soul
Banisteriopsis caapi
Visionary medicine used with a shaman, physical, spiritual, emotional illnesses
Ayahuma
Cannonball tree
Couroupita guianensis
Shaman medicine of protection, saladera (bad luck), medicinal baths
Bala Huayo
Yellow mombin
Spondias mombin
Emetic, hemorrhoids, stomach, eye/throat inflammation
Bellaco Caspi
Plumeria tarapotensis
Rheumatism
Bobinsana
Calliandra angustifolia
Shamanic strength, protection, rheumatism, uterine cancer
Camu-camu
Rumberry
Myrciaria dubia
Colds, flu, vitamin C, potassium
Cana brava
Giant reed
Arundo donax
Arthritis, hair loss, joint pain
Capinuri
Capinuri
Macruira coriaceae
Sprains, cuts, magic
Capirona, Mulaterio
Canary wood
Calycophyllum spruceanum
Anti-bacterial, diabetes, antioxidant, antifungal stomach, shamanism
Castana
Brazil Nut
Bertholletia excelsa
Food source, oil
Catahua
Possumwood, sandbox tree, dynamite tree
Hura crepitans
Purgative, diuretic, shamanism, fish toxin
Chacruna, Batsikawa, Pishikawa
Chakruna
Psychotria viridis
Visionary admixture of Ayahuasca
Chanca piedra
Stone breaker
phyllanthus niruri
Kidney stones and gall stones, anti spasmodic, diuretic
Chiricsanango, Shiricsanango
Fever tree
Brunfelsia grandiflora
Visionary, colds, chills, nervous system, arthritis, kidney disease, lung disease, rheumatism
Chontaquiro
Aspidosperma capitatum
Shamanism
Chuchuhuasi
Chuchuhuasi
Maytenus macrocarpa
Anti-diarrheic, anti-tumor, anti-arthritic, menstruation, stomach pain
Chullachaqui Caspi
Chullachaqui Tree
Tovomita sp.
Shamanism, energetic body ailments
Clavo Huasca
Clove vine
Tynanthus panurensis
Aphrodisiac, tooth ache, rheumatism
Coca
Cocaine Bush
Erythroxylum coca
Hunger, thirst, altitude sickness, mild stimulant
Copaiba
Copaifera officinalis, paupera
Lung disorders, skin disorders, fungus, scars, STD’s
Cumala
Virola
Virola sp.
Visionary, shamanism
Cumaseba
Cumaseba
anti-arthritic, shamanism, aphrodisiac
Curare
Chondrodendron tomentosum
Animal poison, brusies, edema, kidney stones
Escobilla
Sweet broom
Scoparia dulcis
Skin, toothache, bronchitis, STD’s, diabetes
Guatillo, Borrachera
Lochroma fuchsioides
Shamanism
Guayusa
Bartling holly family, mate
Ilex guayusa
Stimulant
Heliconia
Heliconia,Lobster claw
Heliconia sp.
Ornamental
Huacapu
Manwood
Minquartia guianensis
Shamanism, aphrodisiac, construction
Huacapurana
Huacapurana
Campsiandra sp
Shamanism, aphrodisiac, construction
Huairacaspi, Tornillo
Tornillo
Cedrelinga catenaeformis
Gastro intestinal ailments
Icoja
Unonopsis Floribunda Diels
Arthritis, lung disorders, diarrhea, malaria, rheumatism
Ipomoea
Morningglory
Ipomoea purpurea
Diuretic, laxative, visionary
Ishpingo, Roble americano
Ishpingo
Amburana cearensis
Asthma, internal bruising
Jergon sacha
Dracontium loretense
Snake bite prevention, Anti-viral, Anti-bacterial
Lupuna
White floss silk
Chorisia speciosa
Shamanism
Maca
Pepperweed
Lepidium meyenii
Stimulant
Micura, Mucura
Gully root
Petiveria alliacea
Immune system booster, pain, memory enhancer, abortive
Murure
Pistia stratiotes
Shamanism, arthritis
Oje
Fig tree
Ficus insipida
Purgative, anti-parasite
Palo Santo
Saint wood, Sacred wood
Burserea graveolens
Burned as inscence to purify the body
Patiquina
Dumbcane
Diffenbachia alba
Medicinal baths, saladera (bad luck), witchcraft
Pinon
Oral sores, medicinal baths, saladera (bad luck), witchcraft
Pinon colorado
Shamanism, tooth ache,
Piripiri
Umbrella flat sedge
Cyperus articulatus
Dysentery, aphrodisiac, stomach ache, contraception
Puca Lupuna
Shamanism
Quinilla Blanca
Powder puff
Calliandra angustifolia
Shamanism
Remo Caspi
Pithecellobium laetum
Shamanism
Renaco
Strangler fig
Ficus sp
Female reproductive health, shamanism
Sanango
Hibiscus
Tabernaemontana spp
Visionary, colds, chills, nervous system, arthritis, kidney disease, lung disease, rheumatism
Sangre de Grado
Dragon’s blood
Croton lechleri
Cuts, anti-diarrhea, vaginal baths, skin, cancer
Suelda con Suelda
Phthirusa adunca
Fractures, dislocations, cuts
Tabaco, Mapacho
Tobacco
Nicotiana rustica
Shaman protection, visionary, purgative, to remove skin worms
Tahuari
Tabebuia serratifolia
Diabetes, cold, cough, flu, fever
Tamshi
Heteropsis jenmanii
Rope or string
Tangarana
Triplaris surinamensis
Skin
Toe
Datura, Angel’s Trumpet
Brugmansia suaveolens
Shamanism
Toe Negro
Datura, Angel’s Trumpet
Shamanism
Uchu-Sanango
Blue Star Amsonia
Tabernaemontana sp
Visionary, colds, chills, nervous system, arthritis, kidney disease, lung disease, rheumatism
Una de Gato
Cat’s Claw
Uncaria tomentosa
Cancer, HIV/AIDS, cough, colds, flu, fever, ulcers, tumors
Uvilla
Puorouma cecropiaefolia
Female reproductive system
Verbena
Verbena littoralis
emetic, febrifuge, vermifuge
Wira-wira
Gnaphalium vira-vira
Antibiotic, asthma, sterorid
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Animals of the Peruvian Amazon

Fish

These are just some of the fish that are in the nearby rivers:
Common English Name
Scientific Name
Common Spanish Name
Tambaqui
Colossoma macropomum
gamitana
Tilapia
Prochilodus nigricans
boquichico
Pirapu tanga
Brycon sp
sábalo
Small mouth bass
Plagioscion auratus
corvina
Peackock Bass
Cichla acellaris
tucunaré
Tiger catfish
Pseudoplatystoma fascium
doncella
Dorado
Brachyplatystoma filamentosum
dorado
Sting ray
Potamotrygon histrix
raya
Giant catfish
Pseudoplatistoma tigriinum
Zungaro
Piranha (black)
Serrasalmus spilopleura
piraña negra
Piranha (red)
Serrasalmus nattereri
piraña roja
Piranha (white)
Serrasalmus rhombeus
piraña blanca
Silver dollars
Mylossoma duriventris
palometas
Carp
Triportheus angulatus
sardina
Red bellied pacu
Piaractus brachypomun
paco
Lisa
Schyzodon fasciatus
Lisa
Electric Eel
Electrophorus multivalvulus
Anguila Electrica
Arapaima
Arapaima gigas
Paiche

 

Dolphins

Pink River Dolphin
Inia geoffrensis
Bufeo Colorado
Grey River Dolphin
Sotalia fluviatilis
Bufeo Negro

 

Birds

There are over 800 species of birds in the Amazon

Sungrebe
Heliornis fulica
Pato pompom
Muscovy duck
Cairina moschata
Sacha pato
Canary winged parakeet
Brotogeris versicolorus
Ala blanca
Wattled jacana
Tuqui tuqui
Jacana jacana
Large billed tern
Phaetusa simples
Tibe
Scarlet macaw
Ara macaw
Guacamayo rojo
Blue and yellow macaw
Ara ararauna
Guacamayo azul y amarillo
Blue gray tanager
Tharaupis episcopus
Sui sui
Russet-backed oropendola
Psarocolius angustifrons
Páucar
Yellow-hooded blackbird
Agelaius icterocephalus
Arrocerillo
Yellow rumped cacique
Cacides cela
Pauscarsillo
Brown-chested martin
Phaeoprogne tapera
Glondrina
White winged swallow
Tachycineta albiventer
Glondrina
Lesser kitskadee
Pitangus lictor
Victor Días
Great kiskadee
Pitangus sulphuratus
Victor Días
Woodpecker
Camphylorhemphus pusillus
Escaladores
Strong billed woodpecker
Xiphocolaptes promeropinhynelus
Escaladores
Chestnut woodpecker
Celeus elegans
Pájaro carpintero
Amazon King Fisher
Chloroceryle amazona
Martín Pescador
Ringed king fisher
Ceryle torquata
Catalán
Black nunbird
Monasa nigrifrons
Tibicuro
Mealy parrot
Amazona farinose
Loro
Anhinga
Anhinga anhinga
Sharara
Olivaceus cormorant
Phalacroconax olivaceus
Cushuri
Pauraque
Nyctidromus albicolis
Tuhuayo
Great potoo
Nyctibius grandis
Ayaymama
Yellow headed caracara
Milvago chimachima
Shihuango
Turkey vulture
Cathartes aura
Rinaui
Black vulture
Comagyps atratus
Gallinazo
Black-collared hawk
Busarellus nigricollis
Mama vieja
Horned screamer
Anhima cornuta
Camungo
Hoatzin
Opisthocomus oatzin
Shansho
Smooth billed ani
Crotophaga major
Locrero
Boat-billed heron
Cochlearius cochlearius
Huapapa
Partridge
Cypturellus undulates
Panguana
Hummingbird
Galbula dea
Picaflor
Osprey
Pandion haliaetus
Gavilan pescador
Snail kite
Rostramus sociabilis
Gavilan churero
Plumbeous kite
Ictinia plumbea
Gavilan cenizo
White necked heron
Ardea cocoi
Garza ceniza
Great egreet
Casmerodius albus
Garza blanca grande
Toucan
Pterglossus aracari
Pinshilla
Common black hawk
Buteogallus anthracinus
Gavilán cangrejero
Great black hawk
Buteogallus urubitinga
Águila negra
Green and rufous kingfisher
Cholroceryle inda
Martín pescador verde
Little tinamou
Crypturellus Saui
Tinamou pequeño
Red and green macaw
Ara chloroptera
Guacamayo rojo y verde
Red bellied macaw
Ara manilata
Guacamaya bandera
Red capped cardinal
Paroaria gularis
Cardenal de frente rojo
Roadside hawk
Buteo magnirostris
Gavilán chapulinero
Purple Martin
Progne subis purple
Martín azul
Bat falcon
Falco rufigularis
Halcon negro chico
Anhinga
Anhinga anhinga
Pato aguja
Blue head parrot
Pionus menstruus
Loro de cabeza azul
Cuvier’s toucan
Ranphastus cuvier
Tucan
Gray tinamou
Tinamus tao
Perdiz azul
Green ibis
Mesembinitis cayenensis
Ibis verde
Orange cheeked parrot
Pionopsitta barrabandi
Lorito de mejillas amarillas
Orinoco goose
Neochen jubata
Pato carretero
Painted parakeet
Pyrrhula picta
Camachuelo
Snowy egret
Egreta thula
Garza blanca chica
Tropical kingbird
Tyrannus melancholicus
Suiriri real

 

Reptiles

Iguana
Iguana iguana
Iguana iguana
Black caiman
Melanosuchus niger
Lagarto negro
White caiman
Caimán crocodilus
Lagarto blanco

 

Turtles

Yellow-spotted Amazon River turtle
Podocnemis unifilis
Taricaya
Mata mata
Chelus fimbriatus
Mata mata
Jungle Tortoise
Geochelone denticulate
Motelo
Arrau turtle
Podocnemis expansa
Charapa
Six-tubercled river turtle
Podocnemis sextuberculata
Cupiso
Mud turtle
Kinosternon scorpioides
Ashna charapa

 

Poisonous Snakes

Red tree viper
Chironius scurrulus
Aguaje machacuy
Common lance-head viper
Bothrops atrox
Jergon
Coral
Coral Micrurus spp
Naca-naca
Fer-de-lance
Bothrops spp
Cascabel
Whip snake
Spilotes pullatus
Iguana machacuy
Green tree viper
Bothrops bilineatus
Loro machacuy
Giant Amazon viper
Lachesis muta
Shushupe

 

Non-poisonous Snakes

There are more than 60 species. The following genus’s are the most common:

Chironius sp.; Pseustes sp.; Leimadophis sp.; Liophis sp.; Atractus sp.; Oxybelis sp.

Corallus canius boa verde or boa arboricola

Terrestrial boa
Boa constrictor
Mantona
Anaconda
Eunectes murinus
Yacumama, anaconda, or boa negra

 

MAMMALS:

Monkeys and Tamarins

Black-mantled tamarin
Saguinus nigricollis
Pichico
Saddle back tamarins
Saguinus fuscicollis
Pichico boca blanca
Black-chested moustached tamarin
Saguinus mystax
Pichico barba blanca
Cotton-top tamarin
Saguinus imperator
Leoncillo
Goeldi’s monkey
Callimico goeldii
Pichico negro
Pigmy marmoset
Cebuella pygmaea
Leoncito
White-fronted capuchin monkey
Cebus albifrens
Mono blanco
Brown capuchin monkey
Cebus apella
Mono negro
Common squirrel monkey
Saimiri sciureus sciureus
Boliviensis fraile
White-bellied spider monkey
Ateles belzebuth belzebuth
Maquisapa pecho amarillo
Black spider monkey
Ateles paniscus chamek
Mono araña
Yellow-tailed wooly monkey
Lagothrix flavicans
Choro de cola amarilla
Wooly monkey
Lagothrix lagothricha
Choro
Mon Saki
Cacajao calvus rubicundus
Huapo colorado
Mon Saki
Pithecia hirsute
Huapo negro
Red howler monkey
Alouatta seniculus
Coto
Black titi monkey
Callicebus torquatus
Tocón negro
Dusky titi monkey
Callicebus moloch moloch
Tocón colorado
Night monkeys
Aotus spp.
Musmuqui

 

Cats

Ocelot
Felis paradalis
Tigrillo
Puma
Felis concolor
Puma
Jaguar
Felis yagouaroundi
Yanapuma
Jaguar/Otorongo
Felis onca
Otorongo

 

Other Mammals

Grey brocket deer
Mazama gouazoubira
Venado cenizo
White-tailed deer
Odocoileus virginiaus
Venado gris
Red brocket deer
Mazama americana
Venado colorado
Collard peccary
Tayassu tajacu
Sajino
Collared anteater
Tamandua tetradáetila
Oso hormiguero
Amazon weasel
Mustela africana
Comadreja
Anteater
Myrmecophaga tridactyla
Oso hormiguero
Southern river otter
Lutra longicauda
Nutria
Giant river otter
Pteronura brasiliensis
Lobo de río
White lipped peccary
Tayassu pecari
Huangana
Lowland tapir
Tapirus terrestris
Tapir o sachavaca
Capibara
Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris
Ronsoco
Aguti
Agouti paca
Majaz
Tree squirrel
Sciurus spp.
Ardillas
Brown agouti
Dasyprocta variegata
Añuje
South American coati
Nasua nasua
Achuni
Giant Armadillo
Priodontes maximus
Carachupa mama
Armadillo
Dasypus novencinctus
Carachupa
Three-toed sloth
Dradypus variegates
Perezoso
Tayra
Eira barbara
Tayra
Striped spear-nosed bat
Mimon crenulatum
Murciélago
Greater bulldog or fishing bat
Noctilio leporinus
Murciélago pescador
Long-nosed bat
Rhynchonycteris naso
Murciélago
Large fruit-eating bat
Artibeus jamaicensis
Murciélago
Short-tailed fruit bat
Carollia perspicillata
Murciélago
Common long-tongued bat
Glossophaga soricina
Murciélago
Red-tailed squirrel
Sciurus granatensis
Ardilla
Yellow-crowned brush tailed rat
Isothrix bistriata
Ratón
Amazon bamboo rat
Dactylomys dactylinus
Dark tree rat
Echimys semivillosus
Giant tree rat
Echimys grandis